So how do we endow our child's bank account? How can we, as parents, build up our child's self-esteem? The following are some suggestions:
Show love and affection to your child. All our dealings with our
children, starting from infancy, should be done with a lot of affection and
love. A baby who was dealt with love and affection will get a subconscious
feeling that s/he is worthy and important enough to be loved.
Compliment your child. Give your child compliments as often as
possible, whenever they do something right. Say, "I am very proud of you. You
are very special. I like the way you have done it."
Make your compliments credible. It is important, however, that the
compliments be credible. Exaggerated compliments like, "You are the best in
the world. You are the nicest person that ever lived" can actually be
counter-productive. The child will develop an inflated ego, and that can
affect his relationship with friends, which in the long run will have a
negative effect on his or her self-esteem.
Set goals for your child. The goal should be something attainable--to
get dressed by herself, to get a certain mark on his next test. Set goals that
are suited for the child's age and capabilities (setting a goal which is
unattainable will have a negative effect). As the child works toward the goal,
coach her along and compliment her success each step along the way. Once the
child reaches the goal, compliment her achievement and reinforce her
self-image as an achiever.
Criticize the action, not the person. When the child does something
negative, say to the child, "You are such a good and special child, you should
not be engaging in such an activity," instead of saying, "you are a bad
Validate your child's feelings. When your child suffers a blow
to his self-esteem, it's important to validate his feelings. For
example, if the child gets offended by a hurtful comment made by a
friend or a teacher,
say to the child, "Yes, you were offended by what that person said" or
were offended by the fact that the other person doesn't like you." Only
after the child feels that his feelings have been validated will he be
open to you bolstering his self-esteem by pointing out the people who do
like him, and the positive things that others have said about him.
Be proud of your child. On a regular basis, we must remember to tell the child how
fortunate and how proud we are to be her parents.
Talk positively about your child in the presence of important
people in his life, such as grandparents, teachers, friends etc.
Never to compare your child to others, saying, "why aren’t you like
Johnny?" When such comparisons are made by others, reassure your child that she
is special and unique in her own way."
Make sure that others dealing with your child know your child's
strengths. At the beginning of the school year, speak with your child's
teachers and tell them what your child's special strengths are and about the
areas in which he or she excels, so that the teacher will have a positive
outlook towards them and will continue to build on those strengths.
Tell the child on a regular basis that you will love them
unconditionally. When they fail, or do the wrong thing, remember to say to
them, "You are special to me, I will always love you, no matter what!”
Tend to your own self-esteem. You need to see yourself in a
positive light. Parents who lack self-esteem will have difficulties bringing
up a child with a high self-esteem. A good positive parent is a parent who
knows that he or she is not perfect but values him or herself, while always
trying to grow and improve.